• 3,68,632plots digitized

  • 1,33,812farmers impacted

  • 80%adoption rate

Impact Farmer Profitability With Adaptation To Climate Change Through CropIn’s AgTech Platform


About DOA

Agriculture is the main source of Karnataka’s livelihood. The Department of Agriculture (DoA) mainly provides Agricultural Extension services to farmers to transfer the latest technical knowledge to the farming community. They provide primary seed and soil testing facilities, technical information on crop selection, crop production related know-how, and market information among many others to farmers to improve their skills and knowledge so that it will boost agricultural production and productivity. They also perform other statutory functions like ensuring quality inputs, regulating production, arranging interface with public and private sector technologies, and timely supply of inputs like fertilisers, pesticides and seeds.

The Challenges

Climate Change And Irregular Rainfall

  • Indian agriculture remains vulnerable to the vagaries of weather. Karnataka has the second largest rainfed agricultural areas in the country, and food production here mainly depends on the southwest monsoon. Only one-fourth of the total sown area (30,900 km²) is subjected to irrigation and the remaining land is dependent on monsoon rains. Additionally, the state’s mean annual rainfall is found to be in decreasing trend along with its sixteen years cyclic periodicity as a result of which these lands are more vulnerable to drought. The major objective missing here was a robust crop planning and proactive advisory strategy where all the farmers could be brought under a digital platform.

Lack of Awareness Among Farmers

  • Lack of awareness had impacted the farmers in a pronounced way. They were finding it difficult to deal with usage of agrochemicals, water management, soil fertility management, and the declining quality of crop. Due inadequate knowledge transfer, training and demonstration, the farmers were not able to improve on the crop varieties and yield. Apart from these the other issue that usually emerged was managing the post-harvesting period.

Irrigation Infrastructure Utilisation For Maximising Income

  • With the existing agricultural practices and techniques, it was not possible to maximise the return on the large irrigation infrastructure plan. Absence of crop diversification was also one of the reasons for less income among the farmers.

Poor Market Linkage

  • For small and marginal farmers, marketing their products is the main problem. There was a big communication gap between the farmers and the market, wherein the market was completely unaware of the whereabouts of farmers and similarly farmers had no idea where they can supply their produce. The farmers were also not linked with cooperatives, which would have otherwise proved to be a better access to the market.

Structuring Access To Credit Through A Digital Platform

  • Though various banks and other MFIs were interested in lending to farmers, there was an absence of a digital platform that could link them to these farmers. The lending institution did not have any mechanism to assess the risk associated with credit, and real-time data was also not available to help arrive at the right decision.

Manual Work by the Officials

  • All the data were being recorded manually by government officials and it usually took them weeks and months to monitor, note changes in yield, and input the correct data to document and file it accordingly. This led to data inconsistencies that made verification a plodding job.

The Solution

CropIn collaborated with the Government of Karnataka as a technology partner to digitise farmlands across 29 districts. CropIn’s farm management solution ‘SmartFarm’ provided a clear idea of the registered farmers and plots along with the acreage, which helps the government to provide incentives to the farmer plotwise, acreage-wise and cropwise. The application also showcases the work done by the techno-promoter to attain his target set by the government officials. We trained officials from the agriculture department to use the Web application, and the field team for farm demonstrations to capture real-time data using mobile application. We configured all relevant data on the Web portal along with the recommended package and practices to provide advisories to farmers as per their crops and demonstrations. Also geo-location based dashboard was deployed to see the spread of the demonstration based on the programs, districts and crops of the season and make it available on the platform. Customised reports were also provided based on the requirements of the agriculture department to provide real-time monitoring capabilities. For agri-lending institutions, we helped them with region-wise credit risk assessment based on historical data, water stress analysis and drought management.

The Impact

Before

  • Manual recording of field data, which consumed much time
  • Farmers and officials were scattered and located far away from each other
  • Lack of adoption of new agricultural techniques, knowledge awareness, etc.
  • Lack of weather-related information made farming highly vulnerable to drought
  • High risk in agri lending

After

  • Complete digitisation of farms with real-time data monitoring
  • Relations improved with each and every farmer at a pixel level
  • Standard PoP helped to adopt newer methods of agri practices
  • Rule-based weather intelligence provided accurate weather alerts
  • Region-wise credit worthiness check optimised loan disbursement process
Products

SmartFarm

Segments

Government and Advisories

Location

India


Challenges
  • Climate change and irregular rainfall
  • Poor market linkage
  • Lack of awareness of right PoPs among farmers

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